Karachi: According to news reports, the mangrove forest cover in the Indus Delta has risen from 86,000 hectares in 2005 to 130,000 hectares in 2021, according to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Pakistan. Mangrove forests, according to WWF Pakistan, are the lifeblood of the Indus Delta and play a critical role in climate change adaptation. The populace is protected by these woods from cyclones and sea storms. Mangroves are also good places to store carbon.
It is crucial to remember that mangrove forests are productive ecosystems, with almost 500,000 people in the deltaic region relying on their services, according to WWF Pakistan. Due to insufficient freshwater flow in the Kotri Barrage, Pakistan used to have eight species of mangrove; now only four are present in the region. Local mangrove species such as Ceriops Tagal and Aegiceras Corniculatum are being restored thanks to continuous efforts.
He further added that WWF Pakistan requested funding from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as well as WWF Germany. Over the course of the three-year programme, 3,000 hectares of mangroves were restored.
According to reports, 14,000 hectares have been recovered through various programs over the previous decade. Women have also assisted in the planting of mangroves and the establishment of mangrove nurseries.